North Dakota was admitted to the Union with South Dakota as the 39th and 40th states in 1889. North Dakota is a Midwestern state with Canada and Minnesota to the North and South Dakota to the south.
North Dakota is one of the least populous states in the nation. Fargo is the largest city and it has less than 100,000 in population. Bismarck is the capital city.
North Dakota's topography is primarily plains, flat in the east and hilly in the west. The rugged landscape of the Badlands is in the southwest part of the state.
North Dakota has cold winters and mild to hot summers. Annual precipitation levels are well below average with the rainiest spot in the state getting about 20 inches per year.
Leading sectors in the North Dakota economy are agriculture, particularly cereal grains like barley and oats, and oil and coal extraction. North Dakota ranks as a moderate tax state.